GRI Standards Index

This is West Fraser’s third year reporting with the GRI Standards. GRI is a global standard for reporting on a range of economic, environmental and social impacts.

Click below to download the 2018 Sustainability Report Summary:

Data in this report spans calendar years 2016 - 2018. Please see our website to access reports related to this publication such as our Annual Report, Information Circular, Financial Statements and Governance documents. Please contact [email protected] for more information about topics covered in this report.


West Fraser 2018 GRI Content Navigation Table

102 - Organizational Profile


Name of the organization

West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (“West Fraser”)


Activities, brands, products, and services

West Fraser is a North American, diversified wood products company which produces lumber (spruce, pine and fir — “SPF”) and southern yellow pine (“SYP”). The company also produces panels (plywoodMDF), engineered wood products (LVL), pulp & paper (NBSK and BCTMP), newsprint, wood chips, other residuals and energy.

Our operations in western Canada manufacture all of the company’s products, except southern yellow pine lumber, while our mills in the southern United States produce SYP lumber and wood chips.


Location of headquarters

Locations2018 Annual Report


Location of operations



Ownership and legal form

West Fraser is a publicly traded company with shares listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol: “WFT”.

West Fraser’s Certificate of Incorporation was filed with the Government of the Province of British Columbia April 29, 1954 and was most recently amended, restated and filed May 1, 2014.

Articles of Incorporation


Markets served

Organizational Profile

2018 Annual Report: Markets


Scale of the organization

Organizational Profile

2018 Annual Report


Information on employees and other workers

Organizational Profile

Employees & Community

2018 Annual Report: Human Resources


Supply chain

Organizational Profile

2018 Annual Report: Business Overview

Contractors are subject to our Environmental PolicySafety Policy and Fiber Sourcing requirements. 

When working on behalf of West Fraser, contractors, consultants, agents and anyone else are also required to comply with our Code of Conduct when acting on West Fraser’s or its subsidiaries’ behalf.


Significant changes to the organization and its supply chain

2018 Annual Report: MD&A


Precautionary Principle or approach

Organizational Profile

Environmental PolicyEnvironment and  Product Certifications



External initiatives

Organizational Profile


Membership of associations

Organizational Profile



Statement from senior decision-maker

2018 Annual Report: Report to Shareholders



Key impacts, risks, and opportunities

2018 Annual Report: External Factors Affecting West Fraser’s Business  and MD&A



Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior

Corporate Governance Policy and Code of Conduct



Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics

Code of Conduct

Corporate Governance PolicyShareholder feedback

102 - Governance



Governance structure

2018 Annual Report: Governance

Corporate Governance Policy



Delegating authority

Corporate Governance Policy



Executive-level responsibility for economic, environmental, and social topics

West Fraser’s executive team has responsibility for one or more sustainability areas, including environmental responsibility at manufacturing sites, safety, employee development, forest management activities, governance, financial performance and stakeholder engagement.

Our Board, particularly the Health, Safety & Environmental committee, together with our executive and our senior

leadership teams, set the policy and practice of our environmental, social and governance activities within our business
and are responsible for monitoring our safety and environmental performance.


Consulting stakeholders on economic, environmental, and social topics


Shareholders may communicate directly with our Board and Directors as outlined in the 2019 Information Circular: Shareholder Feedback and Concerns

Community consultations where we manage forests are detailed in thie report in Local Communities and on our website Public Involvement page.


Composition of the highest governance body and its committees

Corporate Governance Policy

2019 Information Circular: Composition of the Board


Chair of the highest governance body

Chairman of the Board: Hank Ketcham


Nominating and selecting the highest governance body

2019 Information Circular: Board Renewal and Governance & Nominating


Conflicts of interest

Code of Conduct

2019 Information Circular: Serving on Other Boards


Role of highest governance body in setting purpose, values, and strategy

Corporate Governance Policy: Mandate of the Board of Directors

2019 Information Circular: Mandate of the Board


Collective knowledge of highest governance body

2019 Information Circular: Orientation Program and Continuing Education


Evaluating the highest governance body’s performance

2019 Information Circular: Expectations of Management page 30 and Performance Reviews


Identifying and managing economic, environmental, and social impacts


Health, Safety & Environmental committee


Effectiveness of risk management processes


Audit Committee

Health, Safety & Environmental committee


Review of economic, environmental, and social topics


Audit Committee

Health, Safety & Environmental committee


Highest governance body’s role in sustainability reporting

The Board’s Health, Safety & Environmental committee is responsible for monitoring the Company’s environmental performance and environmental systems. Our executive management team reviews and approves our Sustainability Report.


Communicating critical concerns

Code of Conduct sections 15. Compliance & Reporting and section 16. Whistleblower Protection


Remuneration policies

2019 Information Circular: Executive Compensation


Process for determining remuneration

2019 Information Circular:  Advisory Resolution on the Company’s Approach to Executive Compensation (Say On Pay) and Executive Compensation


Stakeholders’ involvement in remuneration

2019 Information Circular: Advisory Resolution on the Company’s Approach to Executive Compensation (Say On Pay)

102 - Stakeholders

Working effectively with our stakeholders is key to our success and embedded in our operating approach.  Since the early days of our Company, a foundational goal of West Fraser has been to develop and maintain responsibility in the communities in which we work.


List of stakeholder groups



Collective bargaining agreements

In 2018, approximately 37% of our employees were covered by collective agreements.


Identifying and selecting stakeholders



Approach to stakeholder engagement


Code of Conduct

Engaging Indigenous Peoples

Community consultations where we manage forests are detailed in thie report in Local Communities and on our website Public Involvement page.


Key topics and concerns raised


Stories of Responsibility

Public Involvement


Entities included in the consolidated financial statements

2018 Annual Report: Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Basis of Consolidation


Defining report content and topic Boundaries



List of material topics


Operations & Value Chain

See the Operations & Value Chain page for more information.


Restatements of information

None to report.


Changes in reporting

None to report.


Reporting period

Fiscal year: January – December


Date of most recent report

Auguast 2018


Reporting cycle



Contact point for questions regarding the report

Please contact: [email protected]


Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards

This report has been prepared in accordance with the GRI Standards: Core option


GRI content index

This page


External assurance

We have not sought external assurance for all discllosures in this report, but some data and information in this report has been subject to external auditing and verification.

103 Management Approach

See the Management Approach page for more information.


Explanation of the material topics and its Boundary

Material Issues

201 - Economic Performance

See the Economic Performance page for more information.


Direct economic value generated and distributed

2018 Annual Report: Annual Information Form and MD&A


Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change

Economic Performance

2019 Information Circular, and 2018 Annual Report: MD&A, “Risks and Uncertainties”


Defined benefit plan obligations and other retirement plans

2018 Annual Report:  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Financial assistance received from government

2018 Annual Report: Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Government Assistance

202 - Market Presence

See the Discover West Fraser pages within the Careers section on our website to learn more about our approach to recruitment and employment opportunity.


Ratios of standard entry level wage by gender compared to local minimum wage

Economic Performance


Proportion of senior management hired from the local community

Economic Performance


203 - Indirect Economic Impacts

See the Indirect Economic Impacts page for more information.


Infrastructure investments and services supported

Indirect Economic Impacts

2018 Annual Report: Report to Shareholders


Significant indirect economic impacts

Indirect Economic Impacts

204 - Procurement Practices

Our facilities are primarily located in rural communities in the United States and Canada, where our business relies on many local contractors, partners and suppliers to provide goods and services to our mills, most materially, the log supply for our manufacturing operations.

Conflicts of interest in procurement are covered under our Code of Conduct Section 6. Conflicts of Interest and Corporate Opportunity.


Proportion of spending on local suppliers

Business Ethics

205 - Anti-Corruption

West Fraser obeys the anti-corruption laws in Canada and the United States, where we do business. See also our Code of Conduct Section 8. Offering or Accepting Gifts and Gratuities / Anti-Corruption


Operations assessed for risks related to corruption

West Fraser obeys the anti-corruption laws in Canada and the United States, where we do business. We conduct Bill 198 internal auditing and risk assessments regularly throughout our operations. Any material risks are disclosed in our regulatory filings.


Communication and training about anti-corruption policies and procedures

All Directors, members of management and substantially all salaried employees periodically confirm compliance with the Code of Conduct. Instances of non-compliance are expected to be reported to our Board.


Confirmed incidents of corruption and actions taken

None to report. We disclose all material litigations and legal proceedings in our regulatory filings.

206 - Anti-Competitive Behavior

Our Code of Conduct Section 10. Competition and Fair Dealing affirms West Fraser’s long-standing policy that its directors, officers and employees conform to the highest legal, ethical and moral standards in conducting the respective businesses of West Fraser and its subsidiaries including adhering to the laws and regulations in Canada and the United States concerning unlawful activity. All individuals subject to the Code have a responsibility to respect these laws and behave accordingly by complying with our guidelines for behaviour.

We disclose all material litigation and legal proceedings in our regulatory filings.


Legal actions for anti-competitive behavior, anti-trust, and monopoly practices

2018 Annual Report: Softwood Lumber Dispute

301 - Materials

See the Fibre Utilization & Recovery page for more information.


Materials used by weight or volume

The most significant material input to our company is wood fibre. Operating at the capacities described in our most recent annual report (2018):

  • Annual log requirements for our Canadian sawmills, plywood facilities and LVL plant  would total approximately 15 million m3
  • U.S. operations, which produce SYP lumber, would consume approximately 14 million tons of logs per year

More detail: Fibre Utilization & Recovery, also 2018 Annual Report: Fibre and Log Supply information


Recycled input materials used

Fibre Utilization & Recovery


Reclaimed products and their packaging materials

We manufacture renewable, sustainable products that may be reused, recycled or consumed for energy generation.

302 - Energy


Energy consumption within the organization



Energy consumption outside of the organization

We do not currently track this energy consumption.


Energy intensity



Reduction of energy consumption



Reduction of energy requirements of products and services


303 - Water Use


Interactions with water as a shared resource

Water Use 


Management of water discharge-related impacts

Water Use


Water withdrawl

Water Use 

303-4Water dischargeWater Use 
303-5Water consumptionWater Use 

304 – Biodiversity


Operational sites owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas

Wildlife, Habitat Management & Biodiversity


Significant impacts of activities, products, and services on biodiversity


Wildlife, Habitat Management & Biodiversity


Habitats protected or restored

Wildlife, Habitat Management & Biodiversity


IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operations

Wildlife, Habitat Management & Biodiversity

305 - Emissions


Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions

Air Emissions


Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions

Air Emissions


Other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions

We do not currently track other indirect (Scope 3) GHG emissions.


GHG emissions intensity

Air Emissions


Reduction of GHG emissions

Air Emissions


Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODS)

These are not material to our operations.


Nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulphur oxides (SOX), and other significant air emissions

Air Emissions

306 - Effluents and Waste


Water discharge by quality and destination

Water use


Waste by type and disposal method

Waste Management



Significant spills

No significant spills to report in 2018.

All the jurisdictions where we operate have spill reporting legislation and our facilities comply with these regulations.


Transport of hazardous waste

We use authorized service providers to dispose of our hazardous waste. All of our facilities are required to appropriately manifest and track all hazardous waste in accordance with governing federal, state and provincial legislation before it is transported from our operating sites.


Water bodies affected by water discharges and/or runoff

Water Use

307 - Environmental Compliance

See the Environmental Performance page for more information. Also see our Environmental Policy and Certification Programs.


Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations

Environmental  Performance

308 - Supplier Environmental Assessment

See the Environmental Performance page for more information


New suppliers that were screened using environmental criteria

Environmental Performance

401 - Employment


New employee hires and employee turnover

Our Employees


Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees

Our Employees


Parental leave

Our Employees

402 - Labor/Management Relations


Minimum notice periods regarding operational change

Our Employees

403 - Occupational Health and Safety

See the Safety page for more information. Also see our Health and Safety Policy.


Occupational health and safety management system



Hazard identification, risk assessment, and incident investigation



Occupational Health Services



Worker participation, consultation, and communication on occupational health and safetySafety


Worker training on occupational health and safetySafety


Promotion of worker healthSafety


Workers covered by an occupational health and safety management system

The occupational health and safety statistics provided cover workers who are employees and contract workers who are not employees but whose work and/or workplace is controlled by West Fraser.

See more in: Safety


Work-related injuries



Work-related ill healthSafety

404 - Training and Education

It is core to our company values to promote from within to build our leadership team. The overwhelming majority of our management and senior leadership teams are drawn from employees who have developed their talents and grown their career within West Fraser.

Read more about our approach to Training in the Careers section of our website.


Average hours of training per year per employee

 Employee Development & Training


Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs

Employee Development & Training


Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development reviews

 Employee Development & Training

405 - Diversity and Equal Opportunity

In keeping with our commitment to human rights, our aim is to afford all individuals who have the necessary qualifications an equal opportunity to compete for employment and advancement.  We are committed to the philosophy and principle of equal employment opportunity for all present and prospective employees. 

Code of Conduct, section 5. Human Rights, Discrimination and Harassment.


Diversity of governance bodies and employees

 Equal Opportunity


Ratio of basic salary and remuneration of women to men

Equal Opportunity

406 - Non-Discrimination

See the Employee Development & Equal Opportunity pages for more information. Also see our Code of Conduct, section 5. Human Rights, Discrimination and Harassment.


Incidents of discrimination and corrective actions taken

Discrimination complaints are investigated by local management. 

407 - Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining


Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining may be at risk

West Fraser operates manufacturing facilities and contracts work with suppliers and contractors that are both union and non-union. We respect the rights of workers to exercise freedom of association and collective bargaining.

West Fraser requires all suppliers and contractors to adhere to the human rights laws of the United States and Canada. 

408 - Child Labor


Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of child labor

Not material to our operations, West Fraser requires all suppliers and contractors to adhere to the human rights laws of the United States and Canada.

409 - Forced or Compulsory Labor


Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor

Not material to our operations, West Fraser requires all suppliers and contractors to adhere to the human rights laws of the United States and Canada.

410 - Security Practices


Security personnel trained in human rights policies or procedure

Not material to our operations.

411 - Rights of Indigenous Peoples


Incidents of violations involving rights of indigenous peoples

Rights of Indigenous Peoples

First Nations

We disclose all material litigations and legal proceedings in our regulatory filings.  
2018 Annual Report: Aboriginal Matters, Community and Stakeholder Engagement

412 - Human Rights Assessment

See the Human Rights Assessment page for more information. Also see Code of Conduct, section 5. Human Rights, Discrimination and Harassment.


Operations that have been subject to human rights reviews or impact assessments

Human Rights 



Employee training on human rights policies or procedures

Our Code of Conduct, signed by our employees, outlines our commitment to human rights (defined by the laws of Canada and the United States).

All of our foresters receive training to meet the requirements of the Company’s forest management and sourcing certifications, which include human rights provisions.


Significant investment agreements and contracts that include human rights clauses or that underwent human rights screening

Human Rights 

413 - Local Communities

See the Local Communities page for more information.


Operations with local community engagement, impact assessments, and development programs

Local Communities


Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Forest Management

Social Responsibility


415 - Public Policy

See Public Policy section on our Business Ethics page for more information.


Political contributions

Public Policy

416 - Customer Health and Safety


Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories

Customer Health and Safety

Certifications organized by product

Cradle-to-grave life cycle analysis is available for our Canadian-produced products LVL, MDF, plywood and softwood lumber

Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs): North American softwood lumber, softwood plywood and Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL)


Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services

We are not aware of any health and safety incidents of noncompliance concerning our products.

417 - Marketing and Labeling

We manufacture sustainable, renewable and recyclable wood products that can be used in a wide variety of applications, often as a more environmental alternative to other construction and fossil-fuel based materials. We comply with, and regularly monitor, developments in the United States and Canada to ensure our product labeling meets and reflects regulatory requirements, where needed.


Requirements for product and service information and labeling

Product Quality & Life-Cycle

Data safety and certification information on our website about the source, certifications and safe handling is available for all of our products, organized by product.


Incidents of non-compliance concerning product and service information and labeling

We are not aware of significant product labeling incidents of non-compliance concerning our products.

418 - Customer Privacy

We respect and uphold individual rights to privacy and the protection of personal information. West Fraser has two privacy officers identified as a point of contact to address privacy concerns.


Substantiated complaints concerning breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data

No material privacy complaints were received in 2018

Product Quality & Life-Cycle